History of a High Sheriff
The Office of High Sheriff is one of the oldest Office under the Crown. Dating back to Saxon times over 1,000 years ago before the Norman Conquest, the 'Shire Reeve' was responsible to the King and helped with the maintenance of law and order within the shire or county. During the 11th & 12th Centuries a High Sheriff's powers were very extensive and they often judged cases in court, had law enforcement powers as well as collected taxes and much more!
At present, there are around 55 High Sheriffs serving counties of England & Wales, however nowadays their role is a little different to the ancient 'Shire Reeve'.
Now, the High Sheriff's role is mainly to support the Judiciary and Crown in the local county as well as have more involvement the local community.